Like bleeding every month wasn’t enough, why on earth does it hurt so much! Sounds familiar? Majority of women and girls feel varying levels of discomfort and pain during the initial days of their periods. Bring this topic into discussion among any women group, and chances are that you will be bombarded with advise on how to deal with it. From hot water bottles to ajwain tea, from applying ointments on the belly to popping pills, the solutions outnumber the women discussing the problem itself. However, not many women are aware about the reason for the period pain. So lets take this opportunity to demystify period pains.
A woman’s menstrual cycle can be divided into two halves. The first half i.e. the first two weeks following the start of your periods is the phase where body works on producing harmones that lead to ovulation. The second half of the menstrual cycle i.e. the two weeks following ovulation, body produces progesterone to prepare for a possible conception by increasing the thickness of uterine lining. If conception occurs, the embryo is received by uterus and implanted in this thickened lining and pregnancy begins. In the absence of conception, the body receives feedback signal to stop the progesterone release. Once the progesterone decreases, the thickened uterine lining begins to shed. This shedding tissue needs to be pushed out and therefore the uterus contracts to make the shed tissue move out through the now open cervix.